In certain workflow scenarios, your application may need to start (or activate) a specific application. For instance, you may have an application showing client portfolios with financial instruments. When the user clicks on an instrument, you want to start an application which shows a chart for that instrument. In other cases, you may want to present the user with several options for executing an action or handling data from the current application.
The Intents API makes all that possible by enabling applications to register, find and raise Intents.
The case with the "Portfolio" and the "Chart" application above can be implemented in the following way:
The "Chart" applications registers an
Intentcalled "ShowChart", specifying the data type (predefined data structure) that it works with - e.g., "Instrument".
When the user clicks on on instrument, the "Portfolio" application raises the "ShowChart"
Intent, optionally specifying an Intent target, data type and application start up options.
This way, the "Portfolio" and "Chart" applications can be completely decoupled. If later the "Chart" application needs to be replaced, the new application for showing charts only needs to register the same Intent in order to replace the old one (provided that it works with the "Instrument" data structure as well).
Another case where the Intents API can be useful is if you want to find (and possibly filter) all apps that have registered a certain Intent. This may be because you want to present the user with all available (or appropriate) options for executing an action or handling data - e.g., on hover over an instrument or when clicking an instrument, the user sees a menu with all apps that have registered the Intent "ShowChart" and can work with the "Instrument" data structure:
All applications that can visualize data in charts register an Intent called "ShowChart", specifying the data structure they work with. Some of them work with "Instrument" data type, others work with different data types.
When the user clicks on an instrument in the "Portfolio" app, the "Portfolio" app searches for all registered Intents with a name "ShowChart" and filters them by the data type they work with.
The user sees a menu built on the fly which shows all currently available apps for visualizing charts that work with "Instrument" data type.